This site is intended for health professionals only

Monday 20 May 2019
Share |

Topic: Radiology and Imaging

May 2, 2019
Researchers say high dose-rate brachytherapy could offer an effective treatment that is convenient for patients and brings potential time and cost savings for hospitals
A single high dose of radiation that can be delivered directly to the tumour within a few minutes is a safe and effective technique for treating men with low-risk prostate cancer, according to a study presented at the ESTRO 38 conference.
 
Radiotherapy traditionally involves a series of lower dose treatments that take place over several days or week. The new treatment, high dose-rate brachytherapy, delivers radiation via a set of tiny tubes.
 
May 2, 2019
The prospect of a CT scan can be scary for a child, but one student from the University of Salford in the UK is aiming to change that with her new business, ‘Stick with It’
CT scans are often difficult for children as they require the patient to lie completely still for a lengthy period of time. The scan can also be frightening due to its claustrophobic nature and loud volume.
 
Practitioners frequently report problems with getting children to comply; even the comforting presence of a parent or carer is made problematic by the lead-lined gowns they are forced to wear if they wish to remain in the room.
 
April 25, 2019
Chris was diagnosed with prostate cancer at the age of 67, having previously been treated for testicular cancer in 1976. His treatment pathway took many turns and below is his story
In 1976 Chris James successfully underwent an orchidectomy followed by external beam radiation therapy (ERBT) to remove his testicular cancer. 
 
March 18, 2019
Professor Evelien Dekker discusses the rising burden of colorectal cancer in Europe and the need for consistent and successful screening programmes across the continent
Colorectal cancer is Europe’s second biggest cancer killer, claiming the lives of nearly 200,000 people across the continent each year. Current trends predict that the burden of colorectal cancer could increase by 12% by 2020, affecting 502,000 Europeans a year by 2020.1
 
January 8, 2019
Mosul, Iraq’s second city, is slowly rebuilding its healthcare infrastructure after years of war and destruction. Dr Henryk Pich, a consultant anaesthetist and intensive care physician at the University of Dresden, Germany, visited the region soon after the fighting had ended, supported by the independent aid organisation CADUS

Dr Henryk Pich spent time travelling in the Middle East as a young man. Not surprisingly, he feels a personal connection to the region and, after seeing the devastation caused by years of war to cities such as Mosul, wanted to offer whatever help he could.

He contacted CADUS, an independent German aid organisation building mobile clinics for areas with significant need and, once the fighting had ended, joined a highly skilled, inter-disciplinary team of paramedics, nurses, doctors, technicians and project managers working in Mosul.

December 3, 2018
The study recommends active surveillance to prevent over-treatment, suggesting that 36% of patients with a new diagnosis are candidates for active surveillance, 30% of whom will ultimately have treatment for progression
A new study has confirmed the effectiveness of Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) screening in reducing prostate cancer mortality.
 
The retrospective cohort study of over 400,000 men, as published in Elsevier’s Urology® journal,1 set out to re-examine the value of PSA screening, to determine the optimal screening interval and the appropriate age groups to be screened. 
 
November 29, 2018
Researchers investigated cardiac function in relation to diagnosed OSA and self-reported snoring from data available through UK Biobank

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and snoring may lead to earlier impairment of cardiac function in women than in men, according to a new study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

Moreover, the findings suggested that OSA may be vastly underdiagnosed among snorers.

November 28, 2018
Cryoablation represents a potential new weapon in the arsenal against breast cancer

Cryoablation — the destruction of cancer cells through freezing — shows early indications of effectiveness in treating women with low-risk breast cancers, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Researchers said that over the four years of the study, there has only been one case of cancer recurrence out of 180 patients.

November 27, 2018
Findings suggest the method's potential for dramatically reducing gadolinium dose without sacrificing diagnostic quality

Researchers are using artificial intelligence to reduce the dose of a contrast agent that may be left behind in the body after MRI exams, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

November 27, 2018
Researchers and cybersecurity experts have begun to examine ways to mitigate the risk of cyberattacks in medical imaging before they become a real danger

Two studies being presented at the 2018 annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) address the potential risk of cyberattacks in medical imaging.

The Internet has been highly beneficial to health care—radiology included—improving access in remote areas, allowing for faster and better diagnoses, and vastly improving the management and transfer of medical records and images. However, increased connectivity can lead to increased vulnerability to outside interference.

November 22, 2018
MRI exams of the brain using diffusion tensor imaging are a promising option for analysis of dementia risk

MRI brain scans perform better than common clinical tests at predicting which people will go on to develop Alzheimer's disease, according to a study being presented at the 2018 meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, irreversible brain disorder that destroys memory and thinking skills. The disease affects 5.5 million Americans, according to the National Institutes of Health.

October 9, 2018
Artificial intelligence enables content aggregation that extracts information from diverse healthcare data silos to help radiologists create actionable imaging reports
October 9, 2018
Hospital Healthcare Europe spoke with Jilly Croasdale of the UK Radiopharmacy Group about guidance on safe drawing up of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine departments
EU good manufacturing practice (GMP) relates to the manufacture of medicines, and in radiopharmacy this can be a challenge in some ways. Because the products have to be used immediately, it is not possible to perform all the usual end product testing that you would with other types of products. For example, sterility testing is done retrospectively, and, because the batch size is often one, it is not possible to sterility test each batch produced (or there may be nothing left to administer to the patients). 
 
October 9, 2018
Options for treating uterine fibroids have increased, including uterine artery embolisation and MRI-focused high intensity ultrasound, but patient preference and tailored treatment still remain key
October 9, 2018
Digital breast tomosynthesis, the latest generation technology in breast imaging, uses a three-dimensional, limited-angle tomographic breast imaging technique to provide multiple projection views, thus reducing interference from overlapping tissues
Breast cancer accounts for one in three cancers in women throughout the European Union (EU), making it the leading cancer site among women on the continent. With a mean breast cancer incidence rate of 70.7, western Europe also has one of the highest incidences of breast cancer in the world, accounting for 11 of the top 20 countries.1–3
 
Screening is the mainstay of breast cancer detection, with numerous studies finding that early detection translates into substantially reduced mortality rates.4–6
October 8, 2018
Contrast carries a small, and controversial, risk of acute kidney injury, and the use of a screening tool and point of care testing may provide the greatest opportunity to streamline the imaging pathway and provide assurance of patient safety
October 8, 2018
Creating value and contributing to patient outcome in radiology departments starts with well-organised utilisation plans, shorter waiting times, appropriateness criteria, structured and timely reporting and continuous research for better imaging, intervention and therapy
October 3, 2018
On behalf of the ESTRO Scientific Advisory Group, it is our honour and pleasure to invite you to ESTRO 38, the annual congress of ESTRO, that will take place 26–30 April 2019 in Milan, Italy
ESTRO 38 will offer to us all, as professionals of oncology, the chance to share knowledge, practice and advances in the field, within the ever warm and dynamic environment of the ESTRO meetings.
 
September 26, 2018

Dr Farah Chaudhry, Consultant in Sexual and Reproductive Health for Leeds Sexual Health, West Yorkshire, describes how point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) allows her to give informed and clear assurances to women using long-acting contraception.
 

August 29, 2018

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become an important adjunct to clinical diagnosis and procedural guidance in the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED), supported by literature demonstrating that its use can improve patient safety and expedite lifesaving care. POCUS further helps to reduce costs and children’s exposure to ionizing radiation.

July 12, 2018
Point-of-care ultrasound is at the heart of Frimley Park Hospital’s anaesthesia department, guiding procedures such as vascular access and nerve blocks.

Point-of-care ultrasound is at the heart of Frimley Park Hospital’s anaesthesia department, guiding procedures such as vascular access and nerve blocks.
 

June 26, 2018
A University of Minnesota research project to investigate the potential of point-of-care ultrasound as an alternative tool for the diagnosis of pneumonia in paediatric patients in Uganda has been undertaken

Pneumonia is a major cause of childhood mortality and morbidity globally – particularly in resource-poor environments – and diagnosis of pneumonia can be complex. The current gold standard diagnostic technique is a chest X-ray, looking for the presence or absence of areas of consolidation on the lungs.

June 20, 2018
FUJIFILM SonoSite is helping point of care ultrasound users to understand the total cost of imaging equipment ownership with a recently published article

FUJIFILM SonoSite is helping point of care ultrasound users to understand the total cost of imaging equipment ownership with a recently published article entitled Need to purchase imaging equipment? Consider all the costs of ownership.

This concise report, written by FUJIFILM SonoSite’s Chief Operation Officer Rich Fabian, outlines the elements that make up the total cost of ownership (TCO) for hospital imaging equipment.

June 7, 2018
St Mary's Hospital relies on a SonoSite X-Porte to perform FAST scanning of trauma patients

St Mary's Hospital is one of London's four major trauma centres, and uses point-of-care ultrasound extensively in the assessment of patients visiting its extremely busy A&E department.